Export inspection and phytosanitary certification of plants and plant products is carried out in accordance with article IV of International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) to meet the legal obligations of the member countries. The Phytosanitary certificates are issued in the model formats set out under article V of the IPPC in consistence with current PQ regulations of the importing country. Such certificates are issued after careful inspection and treatment of plants and plant products by technically qualified and duly authorized officers at the country of export and shall include additional declarations as may be required by the importing country and also particulars of treatment, if any given by the duly authorized officer. Accordingly inspecting & certifying authorities are notified by Ministry of Agriculture for undertaking export inspection and phytosanitary certification vide Notification: 8-97/91-PP.I dated 26th November 1993 as reproduced in Appendix-1. The Phytosanitary issuing authority may refer Export-Import Policy as well as provisions of the CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of wild flora and fauna) for the detailed list of prohibited/ restricted plant species.

While entering into trade negotiations (Letter of Credit (LC) / Agreement etc.,), the exporter should ensure to reflect in the contract which they entered with the importer about the current Plant Quarantine Regulations in respect of the Commodity being exported from the importing country or a copy of the permit issued by the importing country wherever applicable.

The phytosanitary certificate is issued as per the requirements of the importing country duly reflected in the contract or the permit issued by the importing country.